Asparagus spears can be cut with a knife, but it is important to clean the knife between cuts. Planting asparagus from seed allows you to grow any variety of this vegetable, but growing from one-year old crowns allows you to harvest asparagus faster – three years after planting the crowns. How To Plant & Grow Asparagus. Female plants devote much of their energy to seed production and can be identified when red berry-like seeds appear later in the season. You can start asparagus from seeds in a greenhouse or other protected area. Wait until foliage turns yellow or brown and the plant becomes dormant before pruning. Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables from the garden in spring. Learning how to harvest asparagus includes knowing the difference between the male and female plants, which is easily discovered once the delicious vegetable appears and grows. Removing the spears for more than a month during this important year of growth will weaken and possibly kill the plant. Left in this condition the tops ripen within a week. To farm the Asparagus, you plant and grow the seeds (or the Asparagus itself) on tilled soil, once they're fully grown you can right-click them, harvest the Asparagus and let them grow again. Once they start getting smaller to the width of a pencil it’s time to stop harvesting. When harvested by right-click, the plant doesn't break, and yields 1-2 Asparagus. Cutting with a knife can spread diseases from plant to plant. If you plant 2-year-old crowns, you can start harvesting the second year. Stop harvesting spears when the diameter of the spears decreases to the size of a pencil. Expect to harvest spears every 2-3 d… How To Harvest Asparagus . Asparagus beds need to grow without being harvested for the first two full growing seasons when planted from crowns, and they must grow for an additional year if started from seed.Do not harvest any shoots during the first year of growth … Male plants, who devote no energy to seed production, offer thicker and longer spears which are what one desires when harvesting asparagus. Take care not to cut the crown of the plant burried beneath the spear. Get over that hurdle and asparagus is very simple to care for and rarely attacked by pest or disease. Fertilize your young asparagus in the Spring with an organic 5-10-10 formula. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. As a rule, you will harvest every other day when the spears are between 4 and 8-inches tall and usually for a period between 6 and 8 weeks, depending upon your geographical location, and also depending upon the weather for that particular year. Asparagus may sound one of the more difficult vegetables to grow but in truth the main drawback is simply that it takes time to get from planting or sowing it to harvest, three years from planting asparagus crowns. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Print Prep Time 30 minutes. During this time the plants spread their roots deeper through the plantation beds. Knowing when to pick asparagus will result in the most flavorful experience from your crop. Mulch asparagus beds to protect them during the winter months. Sign up for our newsletter. When and How to Harvest Garden Vegetables. Use a sharp knife, cutting the spears 2.5cm below the level of the soil. Asparagus beds should be moist, but not soggy. The female plant will develop many spears, but when harvesting asparagus one will have the most productive harvest from male plants. Asparagus are either male or female. In warm weather, harvest every two to three days for the best quality spears. Unless you plan to save the seeds, it’s best to remove them to conserve energy. In the second year you may harvest no more than half of the spears, leaving any that are less than 1cm in diameter. Cut off the stalk… You won’t be pulling asparagus out of the ground, as you would with a carrot or onion. To catch the seeds, place the plant tops in a brown paper bag. After the soil settles, fertilize the plants with an all-purpose balanced fertilizer. Because the edible part of the plant is the stems rather than the leaves, the nutrient most required is phosphorus, not nitrogen. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Harvesting Asparagus - here's how. Length may dictate when to pick asparagus, but you will want to get it early enough in the season that it is tender. You will be able to harvest your asparagus in the 3rd year (more about that later) but … Find the plant. This is the hardest part. To store asparagus, clean the crops and use the refrigerator. 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