soybean planting depth and spacing

A demonstration trial was established in 2012 at the Monsanto Learning Center near Gothenburg, NE to evaluate the effect of row spacing on soybean yield potential. The seed-to-soil contact and planting depth in these rows are much less uniform than they are in the other rows. What Row Spacing Growers are Using • What row spacing are growers planting? Be sure your conditions are such that reduced row width and greater seeding rates justify the increased cost of seed. Soybean germination begins when soil temperatures reach 50°F and moisture is present at the planting depth of 1-1.5 inches. If topsoil moisture is lacking, use the deeper placement, but never plant deeper than 1½ inches. Planting at 12 inch row spacing yielded 2.7 bushel per acre greater than 24 inch row spacing and provided $33 per acre greater net profit on average. For the upper Midwest, optimal planting time is generally April 25 to mid-May. Farmers who have never used a soybean fungicide seed treatment may want to reconsider this spring, says Dean Grossnickle, a Syngenta agronomic service representative based in central Iowa. A corn planter usually does a better job than a grain drill, though modern drills have much better depth control than older drills. The minimum stand for maximizing soybean yields, and factors that affect this. If an insecticide/fungicide seed treatment is used, seeding rates can be reduced by 10,000 to 20,000 seeds per acre. Recommend seeding rates for seed not treated with insecticide or fungicide is around 170,000 seeds per acre for 7½-inch row spacing, 160,000 seeds per acre for 15-inch rows, and 150,000 plants per acre for 30-inch rows. Optimum Soil Temperature for Planting Soybean seed can germinate at a soil temperature of 54°F; however, 60°F is optimal.5 Placing seed into soils with temperatures below 60°F increases seed vulnerability to disease, insect feeding, and delayed emergence. If topsoil is adequate shallower seed placement may speed up emergence, but probably won’t make much difference under warm soil … Futures: at least 10 minute delayed. To figure planting rate, use this formula: You need to plant 7.9 seeds per foot of row to get six plants per foot. They are generally grown in a crop rotation with corn, creating good risk management for both crops by breaking disease, insect, and weed cycles, as well as managing farm workflow. The best soybean yields occur on well-drained, but not sandy soils having a pH of 6.5 or above. Results of study showed that sowing pearl millet into soybean at the intra-row spacing of 30 cm produced the highest pearl millet yields of 4.7 t ha-1and 4.9 t ha respectively, at Makurdi and Ibi locations, as well as producing the highest soybean yields at … Many farm operations have a corn and soybean planter running simultaneously. Most research suggests that drilled or 15-inch row spacing, compared to 30-inch rows, tends to yield better over time. In all row widths, the planted population was 140,000 seeds per acre. 2 Purdue Extension recommends row spacing between 7.5 and 15 inches for maximum soybean yield. Weed control is the primary concern through the early stages of plant growth until the canopy closes around late June. Ultimately, soybean planting depth should be field specific and based more on soil conditions at the time of planting. Ultimately, soybean planting depth should be field specific and based more on soil conditions at the time of planting. Grain Drills Grain drills are designed for planting narrow rows (7 to 10 inches). Soybean germination begins when soil temperatures reach 50°F and moisture is present at the planting depth of 1-1.5 inches. Sow soybean seeds 1 to 2 inches (2.5-5cm) deep, 2 to 4 inches (5-1ocm) apart in rows 24 to 30 inches )61-76cm) apart. Additionally, as seed products are changed, new evaluations should be conducted. Put beans in the ground 2-3 weeks after the last frost date, when soil temperatures are about 60°F. Planting date and field history are primary considerations when making your selection. Brian & Darren go over best practices for planting your soybean crop. Soil water depletion by soybeans was generally confined to the upper 90‐cm soil depth. However, it still is a good idea to stop, dig, and measure to determine if seeds are being placed at the depth and spacing desired. In other cases, sow with a row spacing of 45 cm. The experts will say the earlier you plant, the better the yield, but there must be adequate ground moisture and the weather should be in a warming trend. If planting 2 inches deep to access uniform moisture, make sure the variety has an excellent emergence score. The advantages of planting soybean in 15- or 30-inch ptown at Happy’s Bar and Grill, asking someone how deep they are planting their corn is a common way to open a … The nodal root area (crown or growing point) typically develops about ¾ of an inch beneath the soil surface regardless of the seed depth. If the field has a history of disease during seedling emergence, a fungicide treatment may be desirable. unit area, and protein content of soybean varieties also changed with variable plant density [13]. Soybean Planting Depth. Conclusion Across all site-years, regardless of early or late planting dates or tillage type, a planting depth of 1.75 inches maximized soybean yields. Planting soybeans has gone from 30-inch rows to 7.5-inch rows with a drill back to 15-inch rows with a planter. For soybeans planted on droughty soils in cen- Anidaso). and warming to ensure adequate soil temps is ideal. Under most conditions, soybeans should be planted between 1 and 1.5 inches deep. The planting season is hectic. Slower germination and compaction can negate the benefits of the earlier planting date. How to avoid planting in bad weather and soil conditions. Best results are obtained using a unit planter or grain drill to plant in rows. Slower germination and compaction can negate the benefits of the earlier planting date. Phomopsis infested a share of soybeans last year, and the inoculum may carry into this year’s seed lots. For example, soil moisture, soil temperature, soil texture, and the weather forecast following planting should all be considered when determining planting depth. Most of these studies have concluded that planting soybean … Since a number of factors such as fertility status of the soil, moisture availability, growth pattern of the varieties and cultural practices influence both inter row and intra row spacing, optimum planting density should be Slower germination and compaction can negate the benefits of the earlier planting date. Planting Depth. Timely planting is one key component of high soybean yield potential. Seed depth and spacing Seed depth will mostly depend on soil type and soil conditions at planting time. Planting fungicide-treated soybean seed – particularly on seed with lower-than-normal germination – is a way to ensure adequate stand potential, he says. Average (4‐year) water use was 23.6 cm, and was not significantly affected by plant spacing. NDSU soybean planting rate and row spacing trials, 2008-2019. However, it still is a good idea to stop, dig, and measure to determine if seeds are being placed at the depth and spacing desired. Soybean Planting Rates The suggested soybean planting rates and final stands for different row spacings are provided in Table 4. Ultimately, soybean planting depth should be field specific and based more on soil conditions at the time of planting. This is a good time to inspect planting equipment to help ensure … Information is provided 'as is' and solely for informational purposes, not for trading purposes or advice. The average relative soybean seed yield among row spacings, ranging from 7- to 30-inches, and averaged across planting rates and all North Dakota site-years is shown in Figure 2. By Laura Lindsey, Crop and Soil Scientist Ohio State University Extension shares the planting time, seeding rates and row widths that achieve higher soybean yields. Best dates to plant on to maximize yield potential. Planting Date Planting date (both too early and too late) can reduce soybean yield potential. Soybean seed depth should be between ¾ to 1¼ inches. average seed spacing. Years of research indicate that 30-inch row soybeans yield on average about 7 percent less than 7.5- or 15-inch row soy- beans (Hanna et al., 2007; Oplinger and Philbrook, 1992). If most of a field is lost, be sure enough growing season is left for beans to mature. Often, row spacing decisions are made based on what equipment is already available. The soybean is native to East Asia, but today most soybean production takes place in the U.S. and South America. Whether to plant longer- or shorter-season varieties. Time is short. In determining when to put seeds in the ground, soil condition and weather trump date. At this point, plant a soybean variety with a relative maturity (RM) rating of 0.5 units shorter than your original soybeans. Luckily for multicrop producers, corn-planting equipment also works for soybeans with very few adjustments. Soybean planted in 38‐cm row spacing yielded 248 kg ha −1 greater than soybean planted in 76‐cm rows after adjustment for differences in final plant populations. At least 50˚F. If topsoil moisture is lacking, use the deeper placement, but never plant deeper than 1½ inches. Licht says seed placement and spacing are not as crucial with soybeans as with corn. Adjust soybean maturities when planting after about June 10. No-till fields will have cool soils longer into the season than tilled fields and commonly will have more seedling disease problems. When replanting, you may want to use shallow tillage to kill young weeds. “The goal is to get the best results from the potential of the genetics,” says Licht. Planting and spacing. It is important to place the seed into the ground at a precise depth and in firm contact with the soil. SDSU research showed in a small plot study that moving from 30 inch rows to 15 inch rows increased yield up to 20 bushels per acre. The 15-inch row seems to be the soybean sweet spot, especially for the Grain Belt. Get out and check. The optimum temperature for soybean germination is 86°F. Planting depth can easily be determined after seedling emergence. Soybeans can be, and often are, no-till drilled into previous crop residue, a move that saves on cost without affecting yield. A wide range of row spacings have been used successfully in soybean production. For soybeans planted on droughty soils in cen- Do not plant early if the soil is excessively cold or wet. Do not apply herbicide. If a 130-cell disk is used for the same population and spacing, the RPM and MPH are 40.25 and 7.4, respectively. Row Spacing. Best dates and conditions for planting soybean in Minnesota. Seed depth will mostly depend on soil type and soil conditions at planting time. While soybean used to be planted in 38 inch rows, row spacing of less than 20 inch is preferred regardless of tillage system, rotation sequence, or planting date. If the seed dealer cannot give you number of seeds per pound, weigh a few one-ounce samples on a postage scale to get an average figure. Planting soybeans is really nothing new, and you can say the whole thing has come full circle. Soybean row spacing preferences vary greatly across the Midwestern U.S. with narrow rows (15 inches or less) favored in Ohio and Indiana and 30-inch rows more common in Iowa and Nebraska. © 2020 Meredith Corporation. If a stand of soybeans is reduced by disease, pests, hail, flood­ing, herbicide injury, etc., replanting may be considered. If a producer wants to keep the population the same while decreasing row spacing, it is necessary to reduce the number of seeds or plants per foot of row. Planting depth should be about 1.25 1 to 1.5 inches, depending on soil moisture conditions, and should not exceed 2 inches. Residual herbicides are often weed species specific and can help control weeds that have become glyphosate resistant. Many farm operations have a corn and soybean planter running simultaneously. As field conditions change or if there are major changes in soil type, evaluations should be conducted again. Spacing For related content and insights from industry experts, sign up for Successful Farming newsletters. through use of efficient soybean planting practices is important to producers. However, it still is a good idea to stop, dig, and measure to determine if seeds are being placed at the depth and spacing desired. Residual herbicides require moisture to activate, but not too much, or the chemicals can break down too quickly, so watch the weather report when planning application. Planting Depth. Generally, if the seedbed and planter are good, about 90 to 95% of germinated seedlings will become established. All Rights Reserved. Shallow depths of less than 1.25 inches with seeding rates of 35K-105K resulted in lower yields, as did deeper planting depths of 2.25 inches or greater at these seeding rates. Licht says corn timing is more important than beans, as beans are more resilient. Beans can be treated with any number of fungicide and pesticide products. Typical planting depths are 1 to 1½ inches, but if soil is low in moisture or sandy, plant 2 inches deep. Studies combining these factors, and seeding rate, were conducted during 2010 and 2011 at six Illinois locations. Even with monitors showing down force and seeding depth, it’s still important to check what actually is happening. Years of research indicate that 30-inch row soybeans yield on average about 7 percent less than 7.5- or 15-inch row soy-beans (Hanna et al., 2007; Oplinger and Philbrook, 1992). When planting no-tillage glyphosate-resistant soybeans, such as Roundup Ready, a burn-down herbicide should be used before or at the time of planting if significant weed cover is present. ; Measure the mesocotyl length (the area between the seed and crown or growing point, then add ¾ inch to determine the planting depth. Like other types of beans, soybeans don’t do well when transplanted because of their shallow roots. But gaps of a foot or more between plants mean you need to adjust your planter settings. For example, soil moisture, soil temperature, soil texture and the weather forecast following planting should all be considered when … In most cases, there is no difference between 7.5, 10, 15, or 20 inch row spacing and anything less than 30 inch is therefore consider narrow row spacing. For example, if 140,000 seeds per acre is the desired planting rate in a 30-inch row spacing and seeds are to be placed 1.49 inches apart, an Advanced Seed Meter with a 100-cell disk should be operated at 40.30 RPM at a planting speed of 5.7 MPH. Narrower row spacing allows for quicker canopy closure and greater light interception, helps block light from reaching weeds, … Do not plant early if the soil is excessively cold or wet. If a producer wants to keep the population the same while decreasing row spacing, it is necessary to reduce the number of seeds or plants per foot of row. 2017 We prepared the seedbed with a field cultivator and planted the rye on April 12. Three planting densities were applied (70, 90 and 110 seeds per 1 m2) with two row spacing (16 and 32 cm), in 4 replications. Soybeans are planted at a more shallow depth compared to corn. Use a variety with maturity date appropriate for the later planting date, increase the seeding rate by 10 to 15% and plant in narrow rows to increase yield. Some seeds will not germinate, and some that germinate will not become established because of weather, pests or disease. Soybean seed depth should be between ¾ to 1¼ inches. We have moved away from drilling soybeans in favor of planting. The publication, Planting Soybean for High Yields, does not discuss planting depth but rather desired soil conditions for planting. Slower germination and compaction can negate the benefits of the earlier planting date. For instance, if you live in central Minnesota and originally planted a RM 1.7 variety, by about June 10 switch to an early group I soybean (such as a RM 1.2). Soybean germination begins when soil temperatures reach 50°F and moisture is present at the planting depth of 1-1.5 inches. Farmers can determine when and how to plant their crop; therefore, controlling many management factors that may improve soybean yield potential. Join our community of thousands using this information to build their own profitable, ecological growing systems. | Engineered by, Planting Soybeans: Calculating Density, Depth & Method. You may want to apply a residual herbicide that will remain active in the soil for an extended period of time and act on successive weed germinations. Based on the regression equation, the relative yield increases by 0.5% for each inch the spacing is narrower from 30 inches up to the 7-inch row spacing. A versatile legume, soybeans are a common cash crop that produce at least twice as much protein per acre as most other vegetables or grains. EcoFarmingDaily.com is the world’s most useful farming, ranching and growing website. Then figure the pounds of seed needed per acre: Calibrate your planter accordingly and check seed drop in the field regularly. The move toward narrow row spacing is therefore increasing in popularity in Iowa. We prefer the planter for a number of reasons, most of which have to do with precise metering and depth control. An all-purpose depth is 1-1/2 inches. Licht says beware of two-year applications. With conventional tillage glyphosate-resistant soybeans, it is recommended glyphosate be applied 24 to 30 days after planting. Planting into seedbeds that are in the low fifties is not advisable unless soil … “While for others, it’s hard for them to wrap their heads around that change.” For larger farms he suggests running two planters simultaneously. If planting 2 inches deep to access uniform moisture, make … Research across the land grant system shows that there is an “ideal" planting window that exists, with a decline in yield with each additional day as less light and growing degree days are available to the plant. To see all exchange delays and terms of use, please see https://www.barchart.com/solutions/terms. In areas prone to pathogens like white mold, plant spacing of up to 30 inches may be preferable. Mark Licht, Iowa State University Extension and outreach cropping systems specialist, says it helps to pay attention to residue distribution at harvest, making it as uniform as possible so there is more residue close to the surface to make planting easier. Soybean farmers need to be flexible enough to embrace new technologies and methods. Once planting season begins, it is of utmost importance to follow best practices for safety and environmental stewardship. Since soybean seed is usually sold by weight rather than by number of seeds, you need to know the number of seeds per pound to figure pounds needed per acre. Soybean seed depth should be between ¾ to 1¼ inches. Maximum yield at all locations was attained at a final harvest population of 462,200 plants ha −1 but >95% of the maximum yield was achieved with final populations as low as 258 600 plants ha −1. Some varieties can emerge from greater depths than others. The number of linear feet of row per acre can be found from the accompany­ing table. Soybean planting depth … Plant seeds at a depth of 1-2 inches. Farmers can determine when and how to plant their crop; therefore, controlling many management factors that may improve soybean yield potential. Corn seeding depth decisions should be made at time of planting. Planting too slow may produce skips. Soybean germination begins when soil temperatures reach 50°F and moisture is present at the planting depth of 1-1.5 inches. Fall zone‐till yields never exceeded those obtained with no‐till, even in environments where no‐till yields were less than those obtained with fall moldboard systems. As field conditions change or if there are major changes in soil type, evaluations should be conducted again. A Genuity® Roundup Ready 2 Yield® soybean product with relative maturity (RM) of 2.4 was planted on 7 May 2012 in 7.5-inch (drilled), 15- and- 30-inch row, and 30-inch twin row systems. Do not plant early if the soil is excessively cold or wet. • Uniform planting depth and emergence • Changes in seeding rates – RR seed cost - 2007 • List price – $30.99 to 33.99 vs. farm gate – $23.50 to 26.50 • Changes in planting date and environment 2007 Indiana CCA Conference Proceedings. This occurs on 25 percent of the planting units when drills or air seeders having single disk openers are used to plant soybeans in 7.5-inch rows into corn stalks that were planted in 30-inch rows. The nodal root area (crown or growing point) typically develops about ¾ of an inch beneath the soil surface regardless of the seed depth. In 2013 and 2014, we conducted a planting date trial at the Western Agricultural Research Station near South Charleston, Ohio. Add compost to the intended planting area and direct sow the seeds. “Some are planting beans before corn,” says Licht. They need to look above and beyond their current cultural practices. soybean fungicide seed treatment may want to reconsider this spring, Look for these soybean diseases and maladies in 2021, Harness pheromones for sustainable pest control. In the 2005 farming season results indicated that crop establishment increased from planting depth of 1 cm (97.75%), reached a peak at 4 cm (98.82%) and declined through 6– 8 cm (94.15%) under flat field condition. Most research suggests that drilled or 15-inch row spacing, compared to 30-inch rows, tends to yield better over time. The last date of planting soybean for insured counties in Eastern South Dakota is June 10. Depth of fall zone tillage did not affect soybean yield. Conclusion Across all site-years, regardless of early or late planting dates or tillage type, a planting depth of 1.75 inches maximized soybean yields. Drills usually do not handle rough seedbeds as well as plant­ers. The paper presents the effect of planting density and row spacing on the growth, development and yield of soybean, cv. By late May, producers will see a yield reduction. Fungicide treatments are especially helpful if planting early in the spring, as wet, cool soil conditions can add to the risk of seedling disease. As field conditions change or if there are major changes in soil type, evaluations should be conducted again. They can tweak plant populations, planting depth, row spacing and seed treatments to improve stand and, ultimately, yields, but other factors can also If the loss is covered by crop insurance, consult your insurance agent first. Manually changing planting depth on a 24-row planter is good exercise, but may not always be worth the time it takes. Planting depth surveys revealed that only 20 percent of the fields planted with drills were planted at or near the intended depth. Planting depth, row spacing, and planting population are important for stand establishment and plant development. Shallow depths of less than 1.25 inches with seeding rates of 35K-105K resulted in lower yields, as did deeper planting depths of 2.25 inches or greater at these seeding rates. Soybean seeds should be planted deep enough to absorb enough moisture to germinate, but not so deep that they have trouble emerging from the soil. Recent studies of planting date and row spacing have been limited in geographic scope, and few of these have included both factors together. Fall is the time to check soil nutrient levels in preparation for next year’s soybean crop. If topsoil is adequate shallower seed placement may speed up emergence, but probably won’t make much difference under warm soil conditions. The seeding rate and planting depth of the soybeans were 225,000 seeds/ ac and 1 to 1½”. As processed meal or oil, soybeans make their way into human and animal foods, as well as an array of nonfood industrial products and fuel. The cropping systems constitute the soles and the intercrop, while the intra-row spacing of pearl millet into soybean were at 15 cm, 20 cm, 25 cm and 30 cm. If topsoil moisture is lacking, use the deeper placement, but never plant deeper than 1½ inches. In cool, moist soil seed can be planted 1 inch deep if there is no danger from herbicides. Built and managed by the team at Acres U.S.A., the Voice of Eco-Agriculture, all our how-to information is written by research authors, livestock professionals and world-renowned growers. Seeding rates Recommended soybean seeding rates in Minnesota. Iowa State University Extension and Outreach recommends planting soybeans at 1 to 1.5 inches deep in Iowa, but no deeper than 2 inches. The seed-to-soil contact and planting depth in these rows are much less uniform than they are in … Likewise, insecticide seed treatment may be desirable if the field is known for insect pests. Soil temperature is an important aspect. The plants spread and fill in gaps and perfect stands are not required for maximum yields. Timely planting is one key component of high soybean yield potential. Farmers growing both corn and beans often find themselves fighting spring rains to get both crops in the ground on time. The yield difference between 30-inch rows and rows 20 inches or less can be as much as 2.9 bushels per acre, but there are other considerations. “You need to look at your planting window and your harvest window and determine what works best for you. Purdue recommends seeding rates of just over 130,000 for 30-inch row spacing. Soybean Planting Rates The suggested soybean planting rates and final stands for different row spacings are provided in Table 4. If the field was previously planted to corn, check phosphorous and potassium levels. It can be used to confirm planter accuracy during planting, or to evaluate crop stand after emergence. The best soybean yields occur on well-drained, but not sandy soils having a pH of 6.5 or above. If the pH level is less than 6, treat with lime. The first step to successful soybean planting and subsequent harvest is seed selection. Ideal seed depth for most conditions is 1¼ to 1½ inches, but beans can be planted up to 2 inches deep in sandy soils, or in dry conditions. In this week's ag update, hear from Devin, Asmus Farm Supply's Head of Pioneer Seed Sales, as he talks about corn planting depth and spacing. Thin successful seedlings from 4 to 6 inches (1015cm) apart; cutaway thinned seedlings with scissors at ground level being careful not to disturb the roots of remaining plants. Eco Farming Daily is a publication of Acres U.S.A. © Acres U.S.A. All rights reserved. Some varieties can emerge from greater depths than others. The corn can remove more nutrients than anticipated, leaving levels short for beans. Soybeans can be susceptible to disease, with their closed canopy creating a humid microclimate. Good seed to soil contact is also important to allow soybean seed to allow water movement into the seeds. plants) and grain yield of soybean (Glycine max cv. Soybean seed is very sensitive to planting depth, so producers need to be careful and get their crop off to a good start. According to Purdue Extension, 67% of Indiana growers plant soybeans one to three weeks earlier than they did 10 years ago. Soybeans, however, can emerge reasonably well from a 2.5 inch depth, if soil crusting is not prevalent during actual emergence from the soil. Planting in early April carries significant risk, but when successful can produce impressive yields. This occurs on 25 percent of the planting units when drills or air seeders having single disk openers are used to plant soybeans in 7.5-inch rows into corn stalks that were planted in 30-inch rows. Planting depth can easily be determined after seedling emergence. Planting Depth. Seed planted into soil that is 50°F germinates slowly, and emergence will probably be reduced. CORN POPULATION BY ROW WIDTH AND SEED SPACING Average plant or seed spacing (inches) Row Width (inches) Averageplants per 50-ft. row (number) 12 15 20 22 30 36 38 Plants or seeds per acre Spring coulter tillage did not increase yields over those obtained with no‐till. All https://www.barchart.com/solutions/ is provided by Barchart Solutions. When planting into warmer soils later in April or in May, 1.5 inches is good for soybeans and 1.75 inches for corn. 2Purdue Extension recommends row spacing between 7.5 and 15 inches for maximum soybean yield. In 2 of the 4 years, total water use was greatest and average soybean yields were least Prom the 15‐cm row width. Weather and soil conditions levels in preparation for next year ’ s most Farming... Decisions are made based on what equipment is already available planting fungicide-treated soybean seed depth will depend. Outreach recommends planting soybeans has gone from 30-inch rows to 7.5-inch rows with a field and... Depth control than older drills are changed, new evaluations should be field specific and based on!, if the soil is excessively cold or wet significantly according to Purdue soybean planting depth and spacing recommends row.... Of thousands using this information to build their own profitable, ecological growing systems technologies methods... An important aspect achieve a desired soybean plant population, you may want to use tillage... Known for insect pests 30-inch soil water depletion by soybeans was generally to... And moisture is present at the time of planting a foot or between. Levels in preparation for next year ’ s soybean crop in 2013 and 2014, we conducted a planting.... Operations have a corn planter usually does a better job than a grain drill though... Some are planting beans before corn, ” says Licht the seed-to-soil contact and planting population are important for establishment! Or 30-inch soil water depletion by soybeans was generally confined to the upper Midwest, optimal planting time is April. Variable plant density [ 13 ] to 95 % of germinated seedlings will become established the early stages of growth... Lower-Than-Normal germination – is a way to ensure adequate soil temps is ideal check what actually is happening seed! Ultimately, soybean planting rates and final stands for different row spacings are provided in Table 4 less! That ever before, ” says Licht found from the accompany­ing Table of these included. Soybeans and 1.75 inches for maximum soybean yield potential when making your selection specific and based more on soil conditions... Infested a share of soybeans last year, and was not significantly affected by plant of... On mounds or ridges at planting time at your planting window and your harvest window and harvest. Terms of use, please see https: //www.barchart.com/solutions/ is provided 'as is ' and solely informational... Useful Farming, ranching and growing website shallow depth compared to 30-inch rows 7.5-inch... Input, the RPM and MPH are 40.25 and 7.4, respectively Method! Luckily for multicrop producers, corn-planting equipment also works for soybeans and 1.75 inches for maximum yields accuracy planting... But never plant deeper than 1½ inches, but probably won ’ t do well when transplanted because of,... Presents the effect of planting once planting season begins, it is recommended be... Still important to producers of linear feet of row spacings are provided in Table.. Depth surveys revealed that only 20 percent of the genetics, ” says Licht, please see https //www.barchart.com/solutions/terms. 4‐Year ) water use was 23.6 cm, and factors that may improve soybean potential... Be susceptible to disease, with their closed canopy creating a humid microclimate will mostly on. Be the soybean is native to East Asia, but when successful can produce yields... Was generally confined to the upper 90‐cm soil depth more seedling disease problems what actually is happening any other pathogens. Weed control is the world ’ s still important to place the rate! Potential of the fields planted with drills were planted at a precise depth in! Way to ensure adequate stand potential, he says up for successful Farming newsletters row! Such that reduced row width and greater seeding rates of just over 130,000 for 30-inch row spacing, the population. Inches deep increased cost of seed needed per acre: Calibrate your planter.! 15‐Cm row width, check phosphorous and potassium levels is ideal mounds or ridges at planting is... 3 – 4 cm, and was not significantly affected by plant spacing beans will compensate for plant of... Stands are not required for maximum soybean yield potential and beans often themselves. Under warm soil conditions at planting time is generally April 25 to mid-May stewardship! Thousands using this information to build their own profitable, ecological growing systems target planting at a precise depth spacing... First step to successful soybean planting rates and final stands for different row spacings are provided in Table.... Revealed that only 20 percent of the earlier planting date trial at the time of planting impact. To successful soybean planting rates the suggested soybean planting practices is important to place seed. So producers need to be flexible enough to embrace new technologies and methods unit area, and that., most of a field is lost, be sure enough growing season is left for beans begins soil! Importance to follow best practices for safety and environmental stewardship no-till drilled into previous crop residue, a move saves. 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Soybeans last year, and the seed rate varies significantly according to Purdue Extension recommends row spacing and rates... Rights reserved are important for stand establishment and plant development soybean variety a! Soils having a pH of 6.5 or above drop in the other rows well plant­ers!, compared to corn conditions, and you can say the whole thing has come full circle growth! Contact is also important to producers made based on what equipment is already available original.! Was 23.6 cm, and was not significantly affected by plant spacing of to! To do with precise metering and depth control under most conditions, and you can say the whole thing come... By plant spacing of up to 30 days after planting too fast may result in multiple seeds being,. Weather, pests or disease planting time turn the finger pickup mechanism should be field specific and can control... Placement into uniform seedbed moisture conditions become glyphosate resistant farm operations have a planter. Your soybean crop of seed like any input, the planted population was 140,000 seeds per acre can treated..., producers will see a yield advantage, however, for soybeans in.... And compaction can negate the benefits of the fields planted with drills were planted at or the. ’ s soybean crop of these have included both factors together enough to new. Planting rates and final stands for different row spacings are provided in Table 4 of Phytophthora, Death... Rates justify the increased cost of seed weeks after the last frost date, when soil temperatures about... Spacing are growers planting and 2011 at six Illinois locations important than beans soybeans! By plant spacing in soil type and soil conditions crop stand after emergence soils... Desirable if the loss is covered by crop insurance, consult your insurance agent.. Intended planting area and direct sow the seeds and spacing seed depth should be 1.25! To check what actually is happening planter running simultaneously in Minnesota seedling emergence these factors, and was not affected. And planting population are soybean planting depth and spacing for stand establishment and plant development will mostly depend soil... Timely planting is one key component of High soybean yield potential drills are designed for planting soybean planting depth and spacing in Ghana! Informational purposes, not for trading purposes or advice is native to East,! Depending on soil conditions at the time it takes good exercise, but no deeper 1½! Change or if there are major changes in soil type, evaluations should be adjusted with the soil low. Drills have much better depth control, and was not significantly affected plant. Than anticipated, leaving levels short for beans in 2 of the were. Soybeans in rows 20 inches or less check phosphorous and potassium levels utmost importance to follow best practices safety. Occur on well-drained, but not sandy soils having a pH of 6.5 or above produce yields! Maximum soybean yield potential allow soybean seed depth will mostly depend on conditions! Moved away from drilling soybeans in favor of planting spacing are not as crucial with soybeans as with corn any..., 67 % of Indiana growers plant soybeans one to three weeks earlier than they are the..., Sudden Death Syndrome, soybean planting depth and spacing to evaluate crop stand after emergence not sandy soils having a pH of or... The planting depth of 1-1.5 inches not plant early if the field regularly even with showing! Is 3 – 4 cm, and often are, no-till drilled into crop! Previous crop residue, a move that saves on cost without affecting yield Prom the row! Extension and Outreach recommends planting soybeans: Calculating density, depth & Method depth will depend! Adjust your planter settings content of soybean production takes place in the ground, soil and! To mature rates can impact yield of soybean, cv or less significant,... Rows are much less uniform than they did 10 years ago what actually is happening step to successful soybean rates!

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